Information for Physiotherapists

MPS I can affect many different organ systems and patients generally see several specialists before getting a diagnosis. Because skeletal and joint involvement is typical, patients may be referred to a physiotherapist to help relieve symptoms and improve function. Below are presenting symptoms observed by physiotherapists that may lead to clinical suspicion of MPS I and warrant more definitive testing.

Joint restriction

Joint manifestations are among the most significant disability and discomfort for patients with MPS I.[2]  Almost all patients experience progressive arthropathy affecting all joints, and eventually leading to the loss of (or severe restriction of) range of motion.  This can be the first disease manifestation to be noticed in MPS I patients.


Joint RestrictionCredit: Courtesy of E. Kakkis, MD

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References

  1. National MPS Society. Otitis Media: Ear Infections. Available at: http://www.mpssociety.org/content/4066/Fact_Sheets/  Accessed January 6, 2006.
  2. Clarke, L.A. Clinical diagnosis of lysosomal storage diseases. In: Organelle Diseases: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Pathogenesis and Management. Applegarth, D.A., Dimmick, J.E., and Hall, J.G. eds. London: Chapman and Hall Medical; 1997; 46.
  3. Wraith, J.E., and Alani S.M. Carpal tunnel syndrome in the mucopolysaccharidoses and related disorders. Arch Dis Child. 1990; 65:962-963.
  4. Haddad, F.S., Jones, D.H., Vellodi, A., Kane, N., and Pitt, M.C. (1997) Carpal tunnel syndrome in the mucopolysaccharidoses and the mucolipidoses. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1997; 79:578.
  5. Van Heest, A.E., House J., Krivit, W., and Walker, K. Surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome and trigger digits in children with mucopolysaccharide storage disorders. J Hand Surg Am. 1998; 23:239-241.
  6. Neufeld EF, Muenzer J. The mucopolysaccharidoses. In: Scriver CR, Beaudet AL, Sly WS, Valle D, Childs B, Kinzler KW, et al, editors. The Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease. Vol. III. 8th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001:3427-3452.
  7. National MPS Society. Orthopedic disorders in children with MPS/ML: A Parent’s Guide. Available at: http://www.mpssociety.org/content/4066/Fact_Sheets/ Accessed January 6, 2006.
  8. Myer, C.M.D. Airway obstruction in Hurler's syndrome - Radiographic features. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1990;22:92-95.
  9. Peters, M.E., Arya, S., Langer, L.O., Gilbert, E.F., Carlson, R., and Adkins, W. Narrow trachea in mucopolysaccharidoses. Pediatr Radiol. 1985; 15:226-227.
  10. National MPS Society. Cardiac problems associated with the MPS Syndromes. Available at: http://www.mpssociety.org/content/4066/Fact_Sheets/  Accessed January 6, 2006.
  11. Stone DL, Sidransky E. Hydrops fetalis: lysosomal storage disorders in extremis. Adv Pediatric. 1999;46:409-440.